At a Glance
- Learn various ways physicians can help patients who cannot afford to pay for their care, including having open discussions about costs, offering payment plans or a sliding fee scale, and referring patients to assistance programs or financing companies.
- It’s important to involve patients in the decision-making process.
- While physicians should strive to help as much as they can, they must also ensure the financial stability of their practice.
The stark reality is that an increasing number of patients are either uninsured or underinsured.
Patients who choose to take the risk and go without insurance are often faced with the decision to either skip necessary care or go into debt to pay for it, while those covered by insurance are often not much better off.
The Kaiser Family Foundation reported that in 2022 half of all insurance policy-holders faced an average deductible of $2,000 or more.
Even so-called “Cadillac” or “gold-plated” insurance plans with low deductibles and generous reimbursements often leave huge gaps in coverage and patients holding the bag for large medical bills.
Many people have separate — and often hard-to-understand — in-network and out-of-network deductibles, or lack out-of-network coverage altogether. And, with out-of-pocket medical expenses capped at $17,400 for a family of 4 in 2022, the expenses patients must cover can be an insurmountable number for many families
Combine that with the fact that the most recent report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households, an annual survey conducted by the Federal Reserve Board, found that one-third of adult Americans claim they could not come up with $400 in an emergency without turning to credit cards, family and friends, or selling off possessions. It’s easy to see why so many patients are unable to pay for even life-saving medical services.
This leaves physicians and all care providers in the unenviable situation of trying to decide whether they will turn patients away for being unable to pay, accept less for their services or find creative ways to help patients get the care they need while still getting paid.
Although helping with fees can be trickier for patients that are covered by insurance since most insurance companies don't allow waiving co-payments or deductibles, there are things you can do to help patients, with and without insurance, who can’t afford to pay for their care.
1. Have the money conversation
Discussing costs and options can lead to cost savings for patients without lessening the quality of care. The problem is that physicians need to be trained to discuss financial matters with patients and often feel it's inappropriate to bring up money during a patient visit.
However, the fact is that full disclosure of costs encourages patients to plan ahead and pay more promptly. The more informed the patient is about the approximation of their fees, the more likely they are to pay.
A good way to start the money conversation is by asking a few questions on the patient intake form. Ask patients to let you know about any concerns with costs or if they are experiencing difficulty paying past medical bills. Then, follow up in the exam room.
Your goal should be to bring patients into the decision-making process. For example, something as simple as prescribing a 90-day supply of medicine can help reduce out-of-pocket costs for medications. You could also talk with patients about scheduling expensive tests later in the year when their annual deductibles are more likely to have been met.
2. Get creative with your scheduling
Patients may not be able to afford $200 for a full consult. Offer instead a lower-coded visit that takes less time and schedule them during your slow periods such as mid-afternoon.
3. Offer a payment plan
Another option is to allow patients to pay a portion of their fees now and add the balance to a tab they can pay down over time or when their financial situation changes. Set up credit card on file and have the patient sign an agreement for a regular monthly charge to pay toward their debt.
4. Create a sliding fee scale
One way you can offer a financial break to both low-income and self-pay patients is to create a sliding fee schedule. Basically, this type of fee schedule provides a discount based on a family’s income in comparison to the Federal Poverty Guidelines. Here's an article where we go into more detail: 13 Steps to Creating a Sliding Fee Scale
5. Accept what they can offer
There will be times when patients have the best of intentions to pay yet are simply unable to do so due to financial difficulties. Having a frank conversation with the patient about what they are able to pay can help you still receive at least a partial payment for your services while giving the patient the care they need.
6. See them pro bono
For patients with extreme financial problems and health concerns to match, you may consider offering them care pro bono or at no charge. Just remember, you can’t care for your patients if your practice is in financial jeopardy, so only take on the number of pro bono patients that you can comfortably afford.
7. Refer them or help them find assistance
If you and your patient can't agree on a fee — or you have already maxed the number of low-cost clients you can afford — send them to a local community hospital or clinic. Many offer low-cost or no-cost care to patients with proven financial needs.
You can also help your patients afford the cost of their medical care by helping them find the assistance they need. There are many organizations, both federal and private that provide assistance for medical and pharmaceutical intervention.
Some patients who are unable to pay cash for their care may be able to pay in services or goods. For example, you could exchange consult or diagnostic testing fees for having your waiting room repainted or your website re-designed. Just be sure to agree on the value of the goods or services in advance and declare them as income at tax time.
9. Bring in financing companies
Use these tips to help patients who can’t afford to pay for the care they need and to keep your practice growing even during this challenging time in the health insurance landscape.